An electric motor that is mounted directly on the wheel rather than in the centre of the vehicle.

It was already employed in electric cars like the Lohner-Porsche around the turn of the twentieth century.

Its heavy weight in an unfavourable location presents issues with driving comfort.

This is not yet offset by the numerous benefits.

These include increased installation space in the body and the potential deletion of drive shafts.

  the advantage in driving dynamics and safety through the possible wheel-selective regulation of the drive force.

Range Extender: Typically, a small combustion engine that does not move the wheels.

 Whilst driving, a power generator recharges the batteries